Written by Sebastien on 28 December 2012. Posted in Cities

Recife is a Brazilian city with the 5th largest metropolitan area in the country, having about 3,743,854 residents. It is also the largest populated area in the northern region of Brazil. The city is located in the state of Pernambuco and is the state's capital. The city is situated at the meeting point of rivers Capibaribe and Beberibe. These rivers meet at this point and then flow into the Atlantic Ocean in one stream. The name of the city came up from the illusion that is created by the coral reefs that are easily found on its shore. The geography of Recife is diverse as it contains about 50 bridges across the city area which is symbolized by many rivers and islands throughout this land. Therefore, this combination of many rivers and bridges across the city area gives it the name of “Brazilian Venice”.

The metropolitan area of Recife is the heart of industrial activity in Pernambuco and plays a crucial role for the economy of the state. City's economy is mostly based on the products that are mainly derived from cane (such as sugar and ethanol). In the 1970s and 1980s, there were many industries started with the help of government incentives and legal support. The city serves as a traditional center for business activities in Brazil and consists of about 52,500 business ventures whereas there are over 3,200 business enterprises in the metropolitan area.

In the 18th century, the city experienced rough riots and fights between traders of Recife city and the wealthy farmers of Olinda city. Nevertheless, Recife had an advantage over Olinda as it had the largest harbor, whereas Olinda had no harbor at all. The riots played an extremely crucial part in the history of Brazil as the victory in this war lead to the success of Recife.


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