Written by Sebastien on 28 December 2012. Posted in Cities

Fortaleza is a city in the northeast part of Brazil and is the capital of Ceara, a Brazilian state. The city has a population of about 3.4 million with over 2.3 million inhabitants living in the metropolitan area of the same city. The people who reside in this city are known as Fortalezenses. The city is one of the top leading cities in the northeast region of Brazil alongside Salvador and Recife. The claim of the city to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup has been approved, and it is one of the 12 cities where matches will be played.

The history of the city started in February 1500. During this time, a Spanish called Vicente Pinzón arrived there and named this place after the name of Santa Maria de la Consolación. But as this was contrary to the Treaty of Tordesillas, therefore, this discovery and the name given were never made official. The colonials started settling in the city in 1603, with the Portuguese sailor and leader Pero Coelho de Souza building a fort at Sao Tiago. Moreover, the same man established a deal with New Lisbon. After some time, the Dutch people also arrived in the northeast region and established the fort of Schoonenborch. This fort was later named as Nossa Senhora da Assuncao after the war between the Portuguese and Dutch which forced the Portuguese to leave. In 1799, the Ceara state was divided separately from its actual state of Pernambuco, and thus the city of Fortaleza was selected to be the state capital.

In the 19th century, the city was the center of urban development and study across the state. Besides, this action was highly supported because of the cotton growth in the city. The city customs were developed in 1812 due to the Navigational increment in Europe. In the year 1814, the rebels of Equator attacked the city. From 1846, the city saw significant developments in crucial fields such as economy, politics and urban development. In the decade of 1980, there were many laws and also the appropriate facilities to speed up the industrial development of the city. This step made the city one of the leading business regions of the country.

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