Written by Sebastien on 28 December 2012. Posted in Cities

Cuiaba is the capital of the Mato Grosso state in Brazil. Its geographical location is in the center of the South America and thus consists of the metropolitan area. The name of the city originated from the South Indian American native language which means “arrow-fishing”. This is a reference to the local tradition of fishing using arrows. Another explanation that defines this city's name is the existence of a native tribe known as Ykuiapá. Cuiaba is the biggest center in the state and is known for activities such as tourism, business and trade.

Rodrigo César de Menezes founded the city of Cuiaba in 1727. The foundation of the city was speeded by the discovery of Gold in the South America. The area was given the status of a town in 1818, but later it received the status of the state capital in 1835. Starting from the 18th century and as long as the war of Paraguayan was fought, the city was a small and less developed area. At the time of the war, the city saw some development in it and received the financial boom because of the material supplied by the Brazilian army.

After the war was over, the city resumed it’s earlier status and thus it was once again ignored by the entire country. The city went to a very declined phase in the imperial period and this created a comfortable place for many politicians who turned it into an exile center for them. The city was isolated from the entire country, and this kept many traditions of Brazil alive up to 20th century.
The city of Cuiaba saw substantial growth for a long period of time until 1960, and thereafter it became rapider due to the removing of capital status from the Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia. In the period of the 1970s to 1980s, the population of the city increased at a high rate due to the development of commercialized agriculture. Moreover, development of roads provided an easier way to ship all its agricultural products abroad.