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Manaus

Written by Sebastien on 26 December 2012. Posted in Cities

Manaus is a Brazilian city located in the state of Amazonas. The city is also the capital of the state. The geographical location of Manaus is at the confluence of the rivers Negro and Solimões. Manaus is famous for it's tourism and also as the city with the highest population in the state of Amazonas. It is situated in the north part of the country and is under belonging of mesoregion Center Amazonense and microregion Manaus.

The city came to existence in year 1669 as forts of São José do Rio Negro and was given the name “Manaus” which was a tribute to the Manaos and it meant “mother of the gods”. The town was officially converted into a city in 1848 with a changed name of Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro which was later rolled back to the current name in 1856.

In year 1669, the colonization of European countries started in Manaus as they built a fort in the city with four cannons to guard the colony. The first fort that was built in the city was Portuguese and its establishment was to ensure that the Portugal keeps the dominance over other colonial powers such as the Dutch. The fort remained successful in its function for 114 years.

In 1835, the city of Manaus saw the protest of black people, Indians and the mestizos which is known as the cabanagem. The revolution was against the politically powerful people and the protesting natives took the power of city in their hands. Cabanagem played an important role in creation of the area now known as Amazon. In this revolution the Cabanos from Amazon area visited the entire region and in most places the natives welcomed them, especially the black people.

Because of the boom in rubber sector, the city of Manaus saw great trade development as an industry center.

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