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Rio de Janeiro

Written by Sebastien on 23 December 2012. Posted in Cities

Before Brazil saw the arrival of European sailors on its land, the country already had a number of groups of native Indians residing all over the country such as Arawak and Carib. A Spanish Navigator named Vicente Yáñez Pinzón had the credit to be the first person from Europe to land on Brazil’s soul back in 1950.

At that time the Spanish did nothing to claim Brazil (the treaty of Tordesillas occurred in 1494), and as a result, the area was given to Portugal. Because of this treaty, no other nation was in authority to colonize the area. In year 1500, a Portuguese sailor named Pedro Alvarez Cabral arrived at the port of Brazil and claimed it under his leadership for Portugal. The Portuguese continued their trade deals from the city which is now known as Rio but they never settled there. In 1530, the European people were so eager to establish their colonial plan in the New World that they divided the entire area of Brazil into 15 cities and allotted each city with a court to manage.

It was the French people because of whom the development began in Rio de Janeiro as the Portuguese spent most of their time in other cities like Salvador and Sao Paulo and came to Rio a several years later. The Portuguese sailors established a number of forts to increase their ability to fight against other countries and keep them limited to the bay area. At the same time the French were also interested into trade with Brazil especially for the brazil wood for which it is now known. In year 1550, there was a settlement made between France and Portugal for the area of Brazil known as La France Antarctique (Antarctic France).

Governor of Brazil Mem de Sá invited his nephew Estácio de Sá to fight with the French in Brazil in 1965 and this led  to a bloody war between both the countries in the city of Rio de Janeiro which lasted for two years and resulted in ousting of the French. The formal construction and shaping of Rio was done by 1568.

Even today, the city of Rio de Janeiro is famous for its culture, politics and the business point of view.

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