Brazil: Economy & Geography

Written by Sebastien on 21 December 2012. Posted in 2014 Brazil World Cup

Brazil, the country with the sixth largest population in the world, has made great progress in terms of economy since the colonial period. The Economic structure of the country is great at the moment, as Brazil is the fifth largest economy in the world. Its geographical value, of course, is a main contributor to that great economic condition. The country is having great amount of natural resources at the moment. Below are some facts regarding the geography of Brazil and some key-points about the country:

1.       In colonial period the country came under Portugal’s rule with the Treaty of Tordesillas. The first leader to claim it for Brazil was Pedro Cabral.

2.       There are more than 180 native languages in Brazil. However, the most common and of course the official language of the country is Portuguese. This influence came from the initial colonial period in which Portugal claimed Brazil.

3.       The most valuable product that the initial colonials found in Brazil was the Brazil Red Wood which was used to make red dye. The name of Brazil also came from the word Brasil, which is an American name for the dark rosewood.

4.       There are 13 cities in Brazil.

5.       The rate of literacy in Brazil is 86.4% which is the lowest in South America.

6.       There is huge diversity in ethnicity of the residents in Brazil. The population of Brazil consists of 54% European, 39% mixed European-African, 6% African, and 1% other.

7.       The economy of Brazil is the largest among the South American countries and also one of the largest in world.

8.       The geography and climate of Brazil is good for agricultural production. The common products that are exported by Brazil include coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus and beef.

9.       Brazil is rich in natural resources and these include: iron ore, platinum, uranium, manganese, tin, aluminum, gold, phosphate, copper and coal.

10.   In 1889, Brazil became a free country from the imperial empire and with that it was decided that it is going to have a new capital. For that purpose, Brasilia was chosen to be the capital of the country and efforts were made to develop it as soon as possible. However, the development was very slow and the city never officially replaced Rio de Janeiro as the capital city, until 1960.

11.   The geography of Brazil consists of one of the most popular mountains in the world known as the Corcovado Mountain, which is situated in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The mountain is famous for its 30 meter high statue of Christ the Redeemer.

12.   The climate of Brazil falls in the category of tropical environment, although the climate is more temperate in the southern part of the country.

13.   The geography of Brazil consists of the Amazon rain forest on a large area of land and is famous for its bio-diversity. The rainforests in Brazil are home to thousands of bird and fish species along with many other species such as reptiles and mammals.

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